About the Dictionary
This page contains links to the Nkonya dictionary, both downloadable PDF files and an on-line version
The Dictionary as a Web Page
The on-line version of the dictionary is available here:
On-line Nkonya to English Dictionary
The Online version is available as a single compressed file that
you can load onto your computer here: Zipped Dictionary (1.0 Mbytes)
The letter buttons (A to Y) along the top take you to the letters in Nkonya. The Home button at the top brings you back to this page. The Lexicon button gives just the Dictionary from Nkonya to English. This view is also available to the English-Nkonya view. The English-Nkonya button gives you an English to Nkonya word list on the left hand side. You can click on an Nkonya word and it will take you to the English definition of that word. The Categories button gives a list of categories on the left side. If you click on one of the categories, the definitions of the words in that category appear in the main window. Many words haven't been categorised yet.
About Nkonya Spelling and Pronunciation
The following letters are the same as in Akan (Twi)
– ɛ, ŋ, ɔ.
ɩ is used in some places that Twi would use e.
For example, ɩbɩ, 'hand'.
If we used Twi spelling this would be spelled ebe.
In the pronunciation section of the dictionary entries we've used a small upper case 'I' – ɪ
ʋ is used differently from the way that it's used in Ewe.
In Nkonya, it is a vowel that is used in some places that Twi would use o.
For example, ɩbʋ 'mountain'.
In the pronunciation section of the dictionary entries we've used a character that resembles a 'U' – ʊ;
e and o are used in other places. For example, igye 'yesterday' and igyo 'yam'.
An acute accent is used to mark high tone. The is only used where it's needed to give meaning. For example, afu "lumps" and afú "wind".
High tone is used to indicate future tense. For example, compare:
Igye, nɔyɔ ndɔtɔ "Yesterday I went to farm"
Ɔkɛ, nɔ́yɔ ndɔtɔ "Tomorrow, I will go to farm."
The dictionary has a pronunciation section for each entry. It marks the tone and has some other information that's useful to scholars. Some notes on what's in the pronunciation is
This is the Nkonya dictionary in PDF form.
Future Plans for the Dictionary
Here are a few notes about the dictionary:
The dictionary is a work in progress. We want people to make comments, and point out mistakes.
"Bʋ tɛlɩɩ oyi nɔhɛsʋ
We plan to do a simpler word-list that displays each Nkonya word
and the corresponding English word.
In Oct.-Nov. 2012, we held a dictionary workshop.
Some of the words we collected during that workshop are not included here.
We plan a separate page describing the various parts of the dictionary entries.
Nkonya Dictionary (Raw Form)
This section contains some technical information about how the Nkonya Dictionary was produced and how it stored, and how you can get it in the raw, unprocessed form.
The Nkonya dictionary was developed using a computer
program called The Linguist's Toolbox. It's available
The on-line dictionary was formatted using the Lexique Pro program. It's available here.
The PDFs were produced by using Lexique Pro to make LibreOffice documents that were exported in the PDF format.
The dictionary data is available as a
The link below is for the raw dictionary data and control files.
You can download all the files as a single zip file.
The raw version contains all the latest updates that may not be included in the PDF versions.
It also contains some LibreOffice documents with words that have been recently added, or need to have the English definitions.